How are animals and
How are animals and
Did you know that there are millions of different types of animals and plants on Earth?
Animals and plants both belong in the same group
of living things.
But how do you know if a living thing is a plant or animal?
We know that all living things breathe, grow and change, and take in food and nutrients.
They also reproduce, give off wastes, and move and respond to things around them like light or heat.
It is usually easy to tell an animal from a plant.
We know a bee, a fish and a kangaroo are animals.
And we know that a tree, a rose and a fern are plants.
Sometimes it is more difficult to tell.
For example, a plant called a Venus flytrap catches animals, including insects.
It behaves a bit like an animal but is still a plant.
Most plants grow in soil and stay in the one place.
They move as they grow or as the wind moves them.
They also move in response to a stimulus like light,
such as opening their petals in the morning sunshine.
(They have to catch or collect their food.)
Animals feed on other animals or plants.
Most animals have some kind of mouth, teeth or beak to help eat their food.
It is digested in an
area like a stomach.
Most plants make their own food in their leaves and store it.
Use of senses
Most animals use several senses and have sense organs.
Many animals have eyes for seeing and ears for hearing.
Some animals feel things through skin or antennae and have noses for smelling.
Some taste things using their tongue.
Plants don’t have senses in
the same way animals do.
They respond to a stimulus
such as when an insect
lands on a Venus flytrap
and its trap closes.
They don’t have sense organs such as eyes, ears, noses or antennae.
Animals have coverings such as skin (human), hair (dog), hide (rhinoceros), scales (python, goldfish), feathers (owl) or shells (snail).
plant stem with thorns
Plants have coverings such as bark on tree trunks, and leaf and stem coverings that can vary, such as smooth, coarse, hairy or hard.
Summary of student page information
Activities for students to complete
An experiment to consolidate learnings